Whether you create a mini-orchard or choose to grow a few in your backyard, growing fruit trees are a sweet endeavour and provide you many years of fresh, flavourful, juicy and nutritious reward. The benefits are many. However, when considering growing fruit trees, there are many varieties and types available and with a little research and advice from professional tree service provider, you can easily find the best variety for your region and tastes.
Also, the experts should be able to guide you on selecting the site to plant tree(s), soil preparation and planting plans. In addition to this, you need to learn about pollination needs, winter hardiness and how susceptible the trees are to pests and decay. Some fruit trees are easier to grow while some require a large commitment to pruning, pest management, watering, mulching and won’t bear fruit right away. Make sure you are ready to devote time to your planting before you start.
Here are the basic instructions you need to follow when growing fruit trees.
- Select a Variety
First choose an open, sunny place in your yard for the tree. It is good to know beforehand how big the tree is going to grow to ensure it will have enough room. Dwarf varieties of many fruit trees like citrus, apple, olive, guava and peaches are good options if you have small space or want to plant in pots. Depending on your preference there are many varieties to choose from. You can buy bagged or bare rooted trees from the agricultural centre in your area or you can even buy them online.
Once you have selected the tree, it is time to prepare the soil. The better the soil is the better the tree will grow. Fruit trees require wet soil with sufficient level of warmth. Prepare the soil by mixing organic matter like sheep pellets and compost and then add a layer of fertilizer. Also, ensure that the soil is well-drained otherwise the tree won’t survive.
- PlantingBefore you plant the tree, soak it in a bucket of seaweed-based plant tonic to help prevent transplant shock. This tonic works wonders in the garden, encouraging healthy growth and protecting plants against extreme temperatures. Dig a hole approximately twice the depth and width of the root ball of the tree you want to plant. Gently loosen the root ball and place the tree in the hole and fill with soil ensuring the tree is no deeper than it was in the container or bag. If the soil where you are planting the tree contains a lot of clay apply gypsum as fruit trees don’t like heavy soil.
Before you plant the tree, soak it in a bucket of seaweed-based plant tonic to help prevent transplant shock. This tonic works wonders in the garden, encouraging healthy growth and protecting plants against extreme temperatures. Dig a hole approximately twice the depth and width of the root ball of the tree you want to plant. Gently loosen the root ball and place the tree in the hole and fill with soil ensuring the tree is no deeper than it was in the container or bag. If the soil where you are planting the tree contains a lot of clay apply gypsum as fruit trees don’t like heavy soil.
Fertilise your trees with compost at regular intervals. This will provide proper nourishment to the plants to establish healthy growth, improve flowering and fruiting. Fruit trees usually begin to produce fruits depending on the variety in the third or fourth year of its growth. Generally, this is when the plants reach the height of approximately eight to ten feet tall. Also, don’t forget to water your tree as regular watering will help to keep the soil moist and ensure you have juicy fruit. Well watered and well-nourished fruit trees will have a better chance of keeping insect pests and diseases at bay.
The weather, weeds, pest and diseases can all impact the growth of your fruit tree. Ensure that you protect your tree from all these by adding a layer of mulch and regularly pruning your trees will help ensure that your tree grows well. Pruning is essential as it helps in proper growth of the tree and ensures that tree bears fruit at the right time. Fruit tree pruning should be taken seriously as it helps the plant to survive after planting, stimulates stronger, more vigorous growth from the remaining buds and shape the tree to have a balanced top portion with the root system. Pruning also ensures the removal of dead, decaying and diseased branches to provide protection.
- Select a Variety
These are few of the instructions you need to follow when growing fruit trees and always hire a professional tree service provider to prune your trees as they have the best tools and techniques to do so in the right manner.